February 8, 2023
Hypertension

Hypertension

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg, while blood pressure readings above 140/90 mmHg are considered high.

Symptoms of Hypertension

  • Most people with hypertension do not experience any symptoms.
  • Some people may experience headache, dizziness, or blurred vision.
  • Severe hypertension can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, and nosebleeds.

Risk Factors for Hypertension

  • Age: The risk of developing hypertension increases with age.
  • Family history: Having a family history of hypertension increases the risk.
  • Gender: Men are more likely to develop hypertension than women.
  • Lifestyle factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity increase the risk of hypertension.

Complications of Hypertension

Hypertension can lead to serious health problems, including:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney damage
  • Vision loss

Treatment of Hypertension

Hypertension can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications.

Lifestyle Changes

  • Eat a healthy diet that is low in salt and saturated fat.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Quit smoking.

Medications

There are several types of medications that can lower blood pressure, including:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta blockers
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Alpha blockers

Prevention of Hypertension

  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Manage stress.
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Blood Pressure Chart

Blood Pressure CategorySystolic (mmHg)Diastolic (mmHg)
NormalBelow 120Below 80
Prehypertension120-13980-89
Hypertension Stage 1140-15990-99

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