February 8, 2023
Become a Judge in India

Being a part of the Indian judicial system entails a range of complex feelings, including accountability, restraint, pride, honor, and contentment. Being a law graduate alone is not enough to qualify as a judge; extensive preparation, training, and commitment are also necessary.

  1. Qualification:

Candidates in their 12th grade who are majoring in the arts, sciences, business, or humanities are qualified to start their legal profession. After completing their 12th-grade education, candidates who want to become judges must enroll in five-year integrated law programs like B.A.LL.B., B.Com.LL.B., B.B.A. LL.B., etc.

Choosing BA LLB as your pre-law program is recommended because pre-law courses like history, sociology, and English aid the candidate’s further preparation for the judiciary. Many best colleges for law in Bangalore provide the best LLB courses. Graduate students may enroll in a 3-year LLB program instead of completing the 5-year course requirement.

The applicant is qualified to sit for the Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination or the Judicial Services Examination after completing the corresponding 5-year and 3-year LLB programs. Candidates who possess a current legal degree from an accredited institution or are registered as advocates under the Advocate Act of 1961 are eligible to apply.

  • Judicial Service Examination:

The Judicial Service Examination, also known as the PCS(J) Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination, is a requirement for candidates who want to work as judges in the Indian Judicial Services. Only after this exam is candidates with recently earned law degrees qualified to serve as judges in lower courts. Once the candidate passes this test, they must then pass the Lower Judicial Services (JLS).

  • Higher judicial services:
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To pass the preliminary exam, which is an MCQ-based test, candidates must receive at least 60% of the possible points.

Candidates must submit in-depth responses to the descriptive-style questions on the preliminary test and receive a minimum of 40% overall and 50% to be eligible for the interview.

 Interview: During this round, candidates will speak with the selection committee in person. Candidates who complete the main exams then advance to the interview round for ultimate selection.


  • The applicant must be an Indian citizen.
  • Must hold an integrated LLB or LLM degree after three years or five years after graduation (optional).
  • proficiency in a regional or local language (in some states)
  • The judge in the high court –


  • The applicant must reside in India.
  • The registrant must be a member of the Bar Council of India
  • Should have at least ten years of experience advocating in the High Court or successive High Courts.
  • If, however, he has served in a judicial capacity for more than ten years,

In collaboration with the Chief Justice, the President of India appoints the justices of the High Court. Before appointing such High Court judges, the president and chief justice consult with the governors of the relevant states if the High Court has jurisdiction over two or more states.

  • Supremacy Court Judge –


  • The applicant must be an Indian national.
  • The candidate has served as a high court judge for at least five years or has served as a high court judge in succession.
  • The candidate has at least ten years of experience as an advocate in the High court or successive High courts.
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The Indian president has the authority to select a nominee to the Supreme Court of India if they are thought to be a prominent jurist.

Supreme Court judges receive a monthly salary of up to Rs. 2, 50,000 plus up to Rs. 34,000 in hospitality expenses.


As is correctly noted, tremendous power also comes with great responsibility. The grandeur of becoming a judge is undeniably attractive, but becoming one takes a lot of effort, tenacity, willpower, and the appropriate advice to make and shape a successful legal career.

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