You might be curious about treatments available to treat mental health illnesses. In some instances, clinical psychologists use different treatments together. In others, it is effective to use only one type of treatment.
One of the treatments widely employed is psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy treatments are based on the theory that our mindset and behaviour today is shaped by events and experiences from the past. They are a set of therapies used to support the transformation of one’s mindset. It does not require the physical intake of medications. Hence, making it less invasive to our bodies.
The most important element of psychotherapy is to talk to your psychologists openly about your conditions. Only through active conversation and participation will psychotherapy be efficient.
Wondering how you should communicate effectively? Tune in to our podcast for more tips.
In this article, we will walk you through the 6 most common types of psychotherapy treatments used. These types include:
- Behavioral therapy
- Cognitive therapy
- Interpersonal psychotherapy
- Psychodynamic psychotherapy
- Supportive psychotherapy
Behavioural therapy aims to identify and subsequently, transform negative thoughts. The underlying theory for this therapy is classical conditioning.
In the 1890s, Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov proposed the notion of classical conditioning. His well-known Pavlov dogs experiment had proven that external stimuli can trigger a human response. This type of treatment is usually used in treating:
- Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia
- Post-traumatic stress disorder, otherwise known as PTSD
- Bipolar disorder
- Different kinds of phobias
- Substance abuse behaviours
Generally, some believe that one’s thoughts can influence one’s actions. Hence, changing one’s mindset can help to change one’s behaviours.
Cognitive therapy is usually paired with behavioural therapy as mentioned above. In fact, you might’ve heard of the term cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).
CBT is usually used in treating:
- Anxiety disorders
- Substance abuse behaviours
In the subset of cognitive therapy, it contends that one’s feelings, emotions and actions are inherently related. Similar to behavioural therapy, it aims to transform negative attitudes to change behaviours.
Interpersonal psychotherapy is actually an extension of CBT. Otherwise known as IPT, this type of therapy focuses on helping individuals to recover from interpersonal issues. Such issues include grief, depression, and sudden life changes. Some argue that social relationships and life trajectories affect one’s mental health. The converse is also valid.
Hence, IPT aims to encourage individuals to talk about their problems honestly, rather than running away from them.
Wondering if CBT or IPT is more applicable to you? Contact us for consultation today!
The treatment mechanism of psychoanalysis is fundamentally about addressing old, unsolved life issues. This is because it follows the theory of “one’s past can shape one’s present”. As a result, our past experiences can influence our present life.
For this type of treatment, psychologists focus on both physical and psychological treatments hand in hand.
This type of treatment is an evolution of the aforementioned psychoanalysis treatment. Psychodynamic psychotherapy treatment emphasises how suppressed feelings can affect decision-making abilities. In other words, it’s rooted in the relationship between mental and emotional mechanisms.
As implied by its name, supportive psychotherapy takes a supportive approach from psychologists. Patients can improve their self-esteem as they receive praise, support or affirmation from their psychologists. This type of psychotherapy is the most widely, yet the most under-researched area. In fact, everyone can be supportive of the people around them, almost all the time.
To sum things up, all 6 types of treatment focus on helping patients recover from mental health disorders, in distinctive ways. The similarity among them is that they all rely on quality communication between psychologists and patients.